Risk factors

Did you know there are things you can do to reduce the risk of getting cancer?

Not Smoking

One of the biggest causes of cancer is smoking and it doesn't just cause the obvious lung cancer. Smoking has shown to increase the chances of having cancer grow from:

  • the mouth
  • the throat
  • kidneys
  • liver
  • bladder
  • and blood

By cutting out smoking, you will give you a much better chance of not getting cancer.

An important point to remember is that smoking not only hurts your body, but it also hurts those who breathe in the smoke around you. This is called second hand smoking and is just as bad as smoking, especially for children and babies. More information can be found on the quit now website.


Eating good food and Drinking less Alcohol

Having a healthy, balanced and nutritious diet  and reducing the amount of alcohol you drink helps prevents cancer.

The eat for health website has some great information and resources about healthy eating.


Physical Exercise

Physical exercise works with healthy eating to prevent cancer. The my health for life website has tips and information to get your health on track.


Be sun smart

Protecting yourself from sunlight helps to prevent cancer.

The sun puts out harmful rays of energy called ultraviolet rays or UV rays. These rays of energy cannot be seen with your eyes but are found where ever there is sunlight. The planet we live on helps to protect us from UV rays but, it is important for us to do our part in stopping them from getting to our bodies, especially our skin. One of the biggest causes of skin cancer is from UV light and it can burn you during summer or winter.

When you are going out in the sun remember to always wear the following protection:

  • A hat, the bigger the better, a full brim hat will help protect you head, your face and you neck as well as parts of your shoulders.
  • Clothes with long sleeves, like a shirt.
  • Sunglasses.
  • Sunscreen, which is the best way in stopping the UV rays from hitting your skin. Remember that is recommended to use SPF30+ or higher. Every bottle of sunscreen will show you it's rating.
  • Seeking shade, if you're going to be sitting or resting outdoors it is recommended that you find a shady spot.

Visit the cancer council or sun smart websites for more.


Other risks to be careful of

Other risks that can increase your chances of getting cancer can be found at your work or even around your home, especially if your job is working in dirty or dusty places, or using dangerous chemicals that can be spilled or breathed in.

Every workplace should have protective clothing and equipment to wear to help reduce the risk of harming your body.